Impact of Poor Air Quality to the Industrial Sector

Maintaining good air quality in industrial firms, as well as keeping up with changing air quality regulations, is a major responsibility for manufacturers. Through the guidelines set by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA or sometimes USEPA), manufacturers have also been made to understand what effects poor air quality can create.

OSHA, in particular, passed a directive, called the “General Duty Clause.” This directive requires manufacturers to provide a safe and healthy workplace, as well as adhere to air contaminant requirements, one of which is to maintain the presence of specific toxic substances, like manganese and hexavalent chromium, within permissible exposure levels (PELs). According to the website RoboVent, one of the EPA’s sets of rules that is relevant to manufacturing, on the other hand, is the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP). These rules establish nine metal fabrication and finishing “source categories.” These include operations such as “Electrical and Electronics Equipment Finishing Operations” and “Iron and Steel Forging.” The EPA’s purpose for this list was to reduce “Metal Fabrication Hazardous Air Pollutants (MFHAP) of compounds of metals such as Cadmium, Chromium, Lead, Manganese and Nickel.” The EPA has laid out the requirements and methods of compliance, much like OSHA has. EPA regulations also limit how much contaminated air a facility can exhaust to the outside.

The known most common effects of poor air quality in manufacturing facilities due to (airborne dusts and contaminants) include: reduced concentration levels, higher error rates and increased health-related absenteeism, educed productivity, difficulty with employee recruitment and retention and increased hiring and training costs.

With regard to productivity, different studies show similar results: that poor air quality increases error rates, which results to decreased output. Based on studies conducted by the National Bureau of Economic Research, on the other hand, after improving their indoor air quality, factories saw increases in worker productivity and quality of product produced. Based on EPA records, poor indoor air quality causes six additional lost workdays per year for every ten employees. Healthcare expenses and lost productivity due to poor air quality in the workplace also add up to tens of billions of dollars each year.

Absenteeism, meanwhile, directly affects productivity. With the negative health impacts of dust and weld fumes, causing eyes, nose, and throat irritation, as well as respiratory ailments and other very serious illnesses, such as cancer, workers are either forced to stop work for a short break or take days off from work due to an illness. If diagnosed with a serious ailment, besides being absent, they may also decide to file for workers’ comp benefits, which means higher insurance payments for their employer.

Maintaining good air quality is actually not only for the protection of workers. It also plays a major factor when it comes to recruitment. With the increase of manufacturing firms and the bringing back of manufacturing jobs to U.S. communities, many manufacturers now face the problem of shortage of new workers. However, it is clear today’s younger generation is no longer drawn to the manufacturing industry as the young of the past were. They simply do not want to find themselves in a dirty, unhealthy and/or unsafe workplace. Due to this, hiring has become a real challenge.

Additionally, there is also the issue of retention. Many of today’s skilled workers no longer hold onto jobs which they feel can threaten their health. Thus, if the environment has poor work conditions, like poor air quality, many do not to just walk away and search for better job offers.

By improving work condition, however, especially air quality, issues with regard to productivity and personnel will most likely be easily solved and, when employee retention improves, the results will obviously be reduced hiring and training costs.


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Nursing Homes must Comply with the Terms of the Nursing Home Reform Act (NHRA), included in the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987

Nursing Homes must Comply with the Terms of the Nursing Home Reform Act (NHRA), included in the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987

Records from the American Association for Justice reveal that about 90% of nursing home facilities do not have enough number of qualified nurses and personnel needed to ensure provision of sufficient quality care necessitated by residents: elders, usually those aged 65 and above; people who are ill and in need of rehabilitative therapy; physically or mentally incapacitated individuals; and, those in need of extra care, such as patients suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. If this is a factual case, then this will be great injustice against residents, who have been accepted and promised round-the-clock medical care and assistance in the performance of the most basic daily tasks, which include eating, bathing, dressing, toileting and so forth.

As of May 2014 the total number of certified nursing home facilities in the U.S. was more than 15,000, while the number of residents total to about 1.5 million. Despite the existence of thousands of nursing homes all across the nation, many are hesitant to send a beloved member of their family to one due to news of widespread cases of neglect and abuse which cause in residents physical injuries, humiliation, emotional trauma, self-pity, hatred, despair, etc.

Nursing homes guarantee provision of the highest level of care for older and sick Americans. With fees ranging between $3,000 and $10,000 a month (this depends on the type of facility, the services required, cost of labor), it is only necessary that these facilities provide what they promised they will provide.

The friendly and warm welcome to arriving residents (who are accompanied by their family), though, is just a front. This is the beginning of what could be a traumatic and painful experience, a fact, in many nursing homes where emotional, physical, financial and sexual abuses and many forms of neglect are committed by the employees themselves or by the victim’s co-residents, but who are only coerced by the same employees.

Acts of abuse and neglect that residents are made to suffer include failure to provide hygienic care, delay in treating or non-treatment of bedsores, failure to provide needed medical care or attention, being denied of food, delay in providing needed assistance, and so forth.

Many residents, however, decide to remain silent despite the pains they are going through. Due to this, it is important that family member become sensitive to changes in their loved ones in nursing homes.

According to the Todd Leonard Law Office, “When we entrust to nursing homes the care of our elderly loved ones, we do it under the plain assumption that they will be well attended to. It is inconceivable that they would suffer mistreatment, malnutrition, physical abuse, sexual predation, or be simply neglected. Sadly, some nursing homes fail to serve their patients with the care and dignity they deserve. Cases of nursing home abuse and neglect can be painful to uncover, but it is important to take action when you suspect that your loved one may be being mistreated in their elder care facility.”

Uncovering abuse, however, is not always easy. As explained by the law firm Karlin, Fleisher & Falkenberg, “Oftentimes, nursing home abuse does not come in the form of blatant physical harm to residents. Rather, abuse is disguised as neglecting a resident’s basic needs, delivering sub-standard care to patients, or outright indifference to a resident’s concerns. Neglect can sometimes be hard to detect, making it a particularly dangerous form of abuse, as a neglected resident’s loved ones may not even be aware of the emotional trauma that an elderly resident is facing. Common ways that nursing home negligence can manifest include having personal hygiene needs overlooked, medical needs ignored or administered carelessly, or emotional and social needs rejected.”

Under the terms of the Nursing Home Reform Act (NHRA), included in the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987, nursing homes must comply with the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (42 CFR Part 483) in order to participate in Medicare and Medicaid programs. In general, this means nursing homes must provide a standard of care that involves maintaining adequate staffing levels, properly evaluating and assessing a patient’s medical needs, and providing treatment for hearing- or sight-impaired patients.

If a nursing home fails to adhere to the requirements of the NHRA, it can be held financially liable for any injuries that occur as a result, including bedsores.”

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Common Causes of Plane Crashes

Plane accidents often have intense news coverage and sensationalism in the media. This is because plane accidents are serious incidents, and they often result to serious injury or death, not just to the occupants of the plane, but also to those near the crash site.

There are a lot of reasons why a plane crashes, and listed below are the common ones.

Pilot error or negligence

Airplanes are not as simple as cars. They require more intensive training for them to be properly handled. Due to the complicated nature of aircraft, there is a tendency for pilots to commit errors. These errors may include failure to recognize or respond to mechanical defects, unsafe takeoff and landing, and judgment errors like misjudging weather conditions and misreading equipment.

Mechanical issues

Mechanical defects are different from pilot errors, because there are instances where the mechanical defect is so great that even pilots will not be able to fully adjust or recover from it. These defects may involve the aircraft design itself, like cargo doors failing to latch and plane wings sustaining metal fatigue cracks.

Mechanical issues can also happen because of external factors, such as birds crashing into the plane.


The weather condition is an important factor to consider when flying an aircraft. Most of the time, there are reliable weather forecasts out there to warn pilots, but there are instances where bad conditions develop while the plane is already in the air. Conditions like heavy fogs, strong winds, and lightning strikes, are just some of the weather events pilots need to adjust to, and sometimes they are just too much that a pilot error or a mechanical issue may occur.

Air traffic control error

Air traffic controllers are there to ensure the safe and orderly flow of air traffic. They are responsible for keeping the planes far from each other to avoid collisions and the like, and making sure that the planes’ travel on their designated airspace is efficient.

It is a very mentally draining and stressful job, as there are so many variables to consider in handling traffic, like equipment, traffic volume, and weather. So it is not uncommon for air traffic controllers to commit errors, which can have devastating effects for the involved airplanes.

According to the website of West Palm Beach personal injury attorneys, airplane accidents, particularly those that have occurred because of pilot error, airline negligence, and mechanical malfunctions, can be subject to a personal injury lawsuit.

Remember to be always diligent in the airport and in the plane, and if anything bad happens, you might have the law by your side.

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All You Need To Know About Bicycle Accidents

Cycling provides riders with a variety of health benefits. It is one of the best forms of cardio exercise. It offers a more affordable alternative to cars and motorcycles. But as convenient as it is, cyclists are also at risks of getting severely injured. Colliding with much larger vehicles is one of the biggest hazards that bicyclists face. According to the website of Habush Habush & Rottier S.C. ®, bicycle injuries can be life-threatening or fatal.

Statistics from the Centers for Disease Prevention revealed that more than 900 cyclists were killed and an estimated 494,000 emergency department visits due to bicycle related injuries in 2012. Adolescents and young adults more than 40 years old are highly at risk of getting killed in bicycle accidents. In addition, most bicycle deaths occur in urban areas and at non-intersection locations. The 2012 National Survey on Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behaviors revealed that 29 percent of bike-related injuries were from being hit by a car.

In addition, most accidents were either solo accident or involve collision with an automobile. Bicycle accidents are usually the result of somebody’s negligence. It could either be the driver, cyclist, or both who was responsible for the accident. If the accident was due to poor road conditions and trails, the local government could have some fault for the accident. Cyclists have the legal right to seek damages for injuries they will incur.

To prevent bicycle accidents, bicyclists should see to it that they wear helmets when going out biking. Helmets can reduce the risk of head and brain injuries during a crash. Likewise, cyclists should wear fluorescent clothing to make them visible from afar when riding during the day. At night, they should wear retro-reflective clothing. Safety of bikers has also increased with bike lanes now in place in the road.

Cycling is a good exercise. It is good for the heart and is also an affordable mode of transportation. But it also poses a huge risk on the part of the rider. When cycling on the road, stay safe and take the necessary precautions.

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A Healthy Workplace Is An Injury-Free Workplace

Workplace injuries carry huge consequences for most organizations. Aside from payment of huge insurance premiums, it could also mean lots of sick days and consequently lost productivity. Realizing the huge losses that they could incur from work-related injuries, companies are now starting to find ways they can reduce injury-related expenses and increase employee productivity. The website of WorkSTEPS recommends employers to encourage their employees to practice a healthy lifestyle to keep their company injury-free.

Companies can derive a wide range of benefits from having healthy employees. However, they will not be able to reap these benefits if their employees are not cooperative with their plan. The success of any wellness program lies on both employer and employee doing their share. For instance, for the employees to be healthy, management should also implement health-related policies such as a smoke free environment, flexible work schedules, less stress and pressure. Employers should work hand in hand with employees otherwise any wellness program in the company would prove futile.

The first step in ensuring the success of your wellness program is to make employees aware of the existence of such. A recent study by Forbes revealed that 60 percent of workers with access to health programs will feel inspired to live healthy. Without these programs, employees are four times less likely to be motivated by their company culture. Management should take the initiative to motivate their employees to embrace a culture of wellness. They can invite resource speakers to discuss the benefits of wellness in the company.

When implementing a wellness program, employers should first understand that wellness goes beyond physical health. There are other aspects that should be addressed by the employer and not just the physical component. For an employee to benefit from the wellness program, they should be able to address the things that keep them from being productive with their work performance.

In short, before wellness can transcend to their employees, management should take the first move and embrace the culture themselves.

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Elder Issues – The Internet

Normally, the elderly prefer to not become familiar with some modern forms of technology, especially the Internet. Chaotic, sometimes slow, and simply confusing, any activity online easily turns to displeasure after just a few attempts outside the comfort zone of interaction within the “real-world”, and this mindset is unshakable in some seniors. According to, those 65 and older are skeptical about the Internet because of a lack of value in content, any physical challenges, and learning difficulties.

As today’s technology-fused lifestyle is far from the customs of some senior citizens’, they have every right to doubt how the Internet would improve their lives, when they fared just fine without it in the past. However, a great amount of elders eventually require home-based care, and that tangible connection between them and the outside world becomes lost when their bodies betray them. Those who are confined to their home or beds may feel a sense of abandonment and exclusion, and this is where the Internet could prove useful. Elders who do not have a physical link to the world can stay connected to friends and family through search engines, as well as gain a financial independence with a home-based business on the Internet. Although elders have troubles adopting new technological skills, time on the web can actually result in prefrontal engagement and overall cognitive improvement. Also, with easy access to information, not only can they research and better understand their medical conditions, but they can also learn how to be more efficient in practicing good routines that benefit their health.

While the Internet can appear foreign and unnecessary, it just might be the solution to sustaining relationships and a connection with the outside world. If elders can be exposed to the advantages of being online, they can overcome the physical barriers that restrain them from living their life to the fullest.

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The Benefits of a Brain Injury Lawyer

If you encounter a mishap throughout a medical procedure, it may be challenging to approach on which else to do while in the situation which is easy-to shed control and be manipulated into a place where you feel as though there is small to nothing otherwise you can certainly do. What use can you have for intricate appropriate treatments that require employing legal counsel, you might request? Well, having the experienced support who knows what they’re doing throughout a circumstance that could be emotionally difficult for everybody engaged might be a large assist in the situations.

Based on the website of the Driscoll Firm, medical malpractice can be an extraordinary complicated department of regulations along with the attorneys who have managed instances of the dynamics tend to be capable enough to understand the complex medical case along with the jargons that are included with it in addition to the legitimate implications a specified variable may be useful for the situation. As well as their tasks don’t only end there.

Legal counsel, in a medical negligence event that handles birth incidents, who has encountered with instances similar to this will also be more built with assets that are effective at working for you complete this situation.

Cerebral palsy lawyers likely know better than most that it’s difficult to take care of a concern that may have to contain a lawsuit. Nonetheless, it’s not sometimes unnecessary as a way to get over particular circumstances.

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